Those of you who subscribe to the opinion that Los Angeles is the pinnacle of urban folly, it is time to shed your dated views and open your eyes to LA's widespread, citizen-initiated urban renewal.
Because LA lacks the density of many other large cities, most Angelenos are blessed with lawns and trees. Used in the right way, these are great assets not only in terms of beautifying the cityscape, but also in terms of providing food and energy-savings, and facilitating community networks.
We must start with a nod to Tree People, who have inspired countless urban greening projects through their extraordinary work. But we'd like to highlight some LA projects that have ripened more recently. Read on for a taste of Fallen Fruit and Edible Estates.
Fallen Fruit took root when CalArts professor Matias Viegener discovered an old city law declaring that all fruit growing on branches that overhang into public property is free for the taking, even if the trunk of that tree is in private domain. Along with two fellow professors, Austin Young and Dave Burns, Viegnener composed a manifesto calling for the picking and planting of public fruit trees. Naturally, art poured forth from the idea, including some outstanding photography and a digital mapping system to track the locations and ripening cycles of fruit trees in LA neighborhoods. The mapping caught on and community members joined in, planning late-night fruit harvesting walks and growing the radius of the mapped regions.
Clearly, the community aspect of this had no trouble taking off. Fallen Fruit mixed guerilla-style adventurousness and uber-cool art with a very real mission to tap into abundant and underutilized resources in their city. What's been slower to take hold is the public service componentthe systemic recognition of public food sources as a good idea.
The Fallen Fruit trio is long on ideas for how to bring fruit to the masses, from planting out the LA river corridor to planting up the Santa Monica mountains. This week they submitted a proposal to design an installation for the redevelopment of a park at the LA Civic Center. Their design, entitled "Endless Orchard," will contain a square grid of fruit trees planted around four mirrored walls, giving the illusion of "the endless vista of fruit trees that once characterized so much of California." The trees will be grafted 5 species per tree so that ripe fruit will almost always be available, maturing on a rotating cycle. The installation is meant to awaken visitors to the idea that there is food available all around them, and to invite community participation by encouraging people to pick and share the Endless Orchard's offerings.
Who knew lawns would go from epitomizing the American dream to embodying all manner of evil? Blaming both human and natural failings, many homeowners have embraced the idea of lawn-eradication. Last week, it was the lawn-pavers; this week, it's the lawn-eaters.
Edible Estates is the brainchild of Fritz Haeg, who has made it his mission to replace the water-guzzling, pesticide-drenched grasslands of American front yards with functional, fruitful plots filled with all things edible.
"The lawn devours resources while it pollutes. It is maniacally groomed with mowers and trimmers powered by the 2 stroke motors responsible for much of our greenhouse gas emissions. Hydrocarbons from mowers react with nitrogen oxides in the presence of sunlight to produce ozone. To eradicate invading plants it is drugged with pesticides which are then washed into our water supply with sprinklers and hoses dumping our increasingly rare fresh drinking resource down the gutter. Of the 30 commonly used lawn pesticides, 17 are detected in groundwater and 23 have the ability to leach into groundwater sources.
The lawn divides and isolates us. It is the buffer of anti-social no-mans-land that we wrap ourselves with, reinforcing the suburban alienation of our sprawling communities. The mono-culture of one plant species covering our neighborhoods from coast to coast celebrates puritanical homogeneity and mindless conformity."
The first Edible Estates lawn revival took place in Salina, Kansas, where a family offered up their conventional front yard for transformation (it's like reality TV for lawn makeovers!), and vowed to maintain the garden as a living, thriving edible installation. The process not only furnishes a family with a hearty supply of nourishing food, it also provides an education in seasonal cycles, organic gardening, and regional biodiversity.
Over the next three years, Haeg will install edible landscapes in nine front lawns across the country. For his next trick, he will eat up a Los Angeles lawn, the location of which has yet to be determined. Do you live in LA?
"We are currently seeking the skilled, eager and adventurous occupants of one conventional American house on a typical street of endless sprawling lawns. These L.A. citizens should be brave enough to break this toxic uniformity, by having their entire front lawn removed and replaced by an edible landscape. As role models they will then proudly devote themselves to the indefinite cultivation of fruits, vegetables, grains and herbs for all neighbors and car traffic to see."
We could start by passing a laws prohibiting homeowner associations from restricting people from using their lawns as vegetable gardens. In addition, there are homeowner associations who force their owners to mow, water, fertilize, and spray their lawns with pesticides.
Treepeople probably doesn't advocate the use of grass lawns as effective ground cover in a desert climate.
Field Notes from Suburbia
Actually, LA is one of the more dense cities in the US, surpassing even New York. The fact is that public space is sacrificed in favor of private yards, actually resulting in less open space. Unrelated, but also interesting to note is that most park space in this country is veritably carpeted with lawn as if no square inch of ground can go without a layer of green cover.
Hefe, I suspect that Sarah was talking about population density, as opposed to, say, private land use density. It should be noted that with regard to population density Los Angeles is less dense than New York and Miami, but more dense than Boston and Detroit:
Borough of Manhattan: 25849.9 persons per sq km
New York City: 10292 persons per sq km
Miami: 4164 persons per sq km
Los Angeles: 3041.3 persons per sq km
Detroit: 2647 persons per sq km
Boston: 1813.2 persons per sq km
...just, you know, to make sure we're getting our data straight.
Too bad this post doesn't acknowledge that Los Angeles has an unsustainable thirst for water. That thirst might even be increased by the practice of planting your yard with food-bearing plants and trees. I'm glad people are making their land more productive, however they better also give serious attention to rainwater collection while they are at it.
Because there are plants there is more water. It's not necessary to have rain water collection, the plants collect it themselves.
For example: in deserts there is no water, because it doesn't rain. It doesn't rain because there are no plants. There are no plants because they were destroyed by something which made the ecosystem unstable. (like people cutting trees, etc)
But if you would revegetate the deserts the water would come together with the plants. Plants make their own irrigation system with all the roots and everything connected to each other.
There should be no worry about having more plants using more water.
I just sent a friendly email to Fallen Fruit asking if it would be possible to have season specific maps -- It's a lil time consuming right now, having to check the maps on the site against the seasonal fruit charts for socal.
As an LA gal, I think this is an excellent resource -- I can't say much about the water/fruit discussion above, but hey, if fruit's a-fallin', I'd rather it get eaten than go to waste :) BTW -- I've seen some great loquat trees while running down Cashio (between La Cienega and Bevery Drive) -- But they're not in season right now...