Mike Millikin covers the ongoing evolution of sustainable mobility at Green Car Congress.
A new analysis of weather balloon observations from the last 30 years reveals that the Antarctic has the same global warming signature as that seen across the whole Earthbut three times larger than that observed globally. The major warming of the Antarctic winter troposphere is larger than any previously identified regional tropospheric warming on Earth. (The troposphere is the lowermost portion of Earths atmosphere.) The data show that regional mid-tropospheric temperatures have increased at a statistically significant rate of 0.5° to 0.7° Celsius per decade over the past 30 years. (GCC.)
A new report from the European Environment Agency (EEA) highlights one of the dilemmas faced by the transportation sector. Between 1990 and 2003a period during which emissions from other sectors decreasedgreenhouse gas emissions from transportation rose 22% due to increased traffic of goods and passengers. (GCC.)
The UK has published a new Climate Change Programme (CCP06) that the government expects to reduce the countrys emissions of carbon dioxide by 15% to 18% below 1990 levels by 2010. The UK had earlier set of target for itself of a 20% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions below 1990 levels by 2010. The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) blamed higher than anticipated levels of economic growth and the recent rises in global energy prices which have altered the relative prices of coal and gas for the increasing emissions that made the original 20% target more challenging. (GCC.)
The Green Ribbon Commission on Climate Protection convened by Seattle Mayor Greg Nickels has delivered its recommended actions for meeting or beating the greenhouse gas emissions-cutting goals of the Kyoto Protocol in Seattle. Of the 18 recommendations, eight deal directly with transportation issues, accounting for a projected 54% of the additional total reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. (GCC.)
US Senators Barack Obama (D-IL) and Richard Lugar (R-IN) last week introduced legislation designed to further promote the use of biofuels and alternative fuel technologies to decrease US dependence on oil. The American Fuels Act of 2006 (S. 2446) takes a multi-step approach that includes mandated levels of production and use of alternative fuels (synthetic as well as biofuels), consumer tax credits, manufacturer tax credits, public access to alternative fueling infrastructures, and the creation of a new office: the Director of Energy Security. (GCC.)
US Transportation Secretary Norman Mineta announced the expected new fuel economy standards for light trucks. This represents the first complete reform of the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) program for pickup trucks, sport utility vehicles and minivans since the programs inception in 1979. The announced standards are fractionally tougher than those the department proposed in August 2005, increasing from the earlier proposals estimated average light truck level of 23.9 mpg to 24.0 mpg by 2011. The final rules also include the largest SUVsthose that weigh between 8,500 and 10,000 poundswhich the earlier proposed standards did not. The car standard remains at 27.5 mpg. (GCC.)
LIGHT-DUTY HYBRIDS and PLUG-IN HYBRIDS
At the Stockholm Motor Show, GMs Saab brand premiered its promised 9-3 hybrid concept car that can run on 100% ethanol (E100) with combined cycle fuel consumption of about 30 mpg US (on ethanol). The car is the worlds first hybrid soft-top, and also represents a different approach to a hybrid drive than taken in GMs current three announced production hybrid systems: the two-mode hybrid in full-size SUVs, the mild hybrid in the Saturn VUE and the micro-hybrid in the Silverado and Sierra. (GCC.)
Toyotas new Camry Hybrid will roll into showrooms in May with a base MSRP of $25,900. The new non-hybrid versions of the all-new 2007 Camry range from a base MSRP of $18,270 for the four-cylinder manual model to a base MSRP of $27,520 for the V6 XLE model. (GCC.)
Toyota also reportedly plans to offer gasoline-electric hybrid versions for all vehicle classes to meet its target of quadrupling annual worldwide hybrid sales to 1 million vehicles by 2012, representing 10% of total annual new vehicle sales. (GCC.)
The Scuderi Group will introduce the design of an air-hybrid implementation of its split-cycle engine at the SAE World Congress in Detroit next week. Scuderi claims that the air-hybrid system doubles the fuel efficiency of todays conventional engines and reduces toxic emissions by up to 80%all with a low-cost, easily manufactured design. (GCC.)
FEV Engine Technology will feature a new diesel hybrid concept vehicle and a number of emerging technologies and in its display at the SAE 2006 World Congress. (GCC.)
The Metropolitan Tulsa Transit Authority announced the addition to its mass transit fleet of a Gillig bus powered by General Motors diesel-electric hybrid propulsion system. (GCC.)
The 231st national meeting of the American Chemical Society featured a one-day symposium on Biofuels for Transportation during which fuel chemists and other scientists from across the United States and Europe presented research toward developing viable, cost-effective and high-performing biofuels. (GCC.)
Neste Oil Corporation and Austrian oil and gas group, OMV, are in negotiations to build a joint large-scale plant to produce Nestes NExBTL bio-based diesel fuel. The Neste NExBTL process and resulting product differ from both the transestrification process used to produced fatty acid methyl ester (biodiesel) and the gasification and Fischer-Tropsch conversion used in BTL projects. (GCC.)
BP Australia has signed two contracts and a Memorandum of Understanding to provide more than 200 million liters of biofuels to Australian consumers per annum by 2008more than half of the Federal Governments national target of 350 million liters.
Researchers at Virginia Tech have developed a pre-treatment process for biomass that promises to reduce the processing cost of cellulosic ethanol. (GCC.)
The Biomass Technology Research Center (BTRC) of Japans National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) has succeeded in continuously synthesizing Fischer-Tropsch diesel from wood via a new compact process. (GCC.)
The University of Maine is embarking on a $10.35-million research project to develop an integrated forest biorefineryone that allows mills to create new, high-margin revenue streams while maintaining their traditional production. This could be the first integrated forest biorefinery in the country. (GCC.)
E3 Biofuels, the developer of a manure-powered integrated ethanol plant in Mead, Nebraska (earlier post), has joined O2Diesels CityHome program as a sponsor. CityHome helps subsidize the adoption of O2Diesels ethanol-diesel blend by transit and school bus fleets. (GCC.)
General Motors announced plans to add E85 fuel pumps to approximately 20 Kroger fueling sites throughout the Houston and Dallas area through a collaborative partnership with the retailer and Abengoa Bioenergy. The collaboration is part of a broader, ongoing national GM campaign to boost the use and awareness of ethanol-based E85 fuel in the United States. (GCC.)
Ethanol producers VeraSun Energy Corporation and Aventine Renewable Energy plan to go public in offerings that could raise $200 million or more. The companies have filed their S-1 registration statements with the SEC. (GCC.)
BATTERIES and ELECTRIC VEHICLES
NEC Corporation and Fuji Heavy Industries have dissolved NEC Lamilion Energy Ltd., a joint venture of both companies, which develops manganese lithium-ion rechargeable batteries for automobiles. Fuji Heavy Industries will transfer all of the shares it holds in NEC Lamilion Energy to NEC and NEC Tokin Corporation, a subsidiary of NEC in the energy storage device business. NEC Lamilion Energy will continue to develop and to promote manganese lithium-ion batteries for hybrid and electric automobiles as a wholly-owned subsidiary of NEC. (GCC.)
Global Electric Motorcars (GEM), a DaimlerChrysler company, will partner with Matra Manufacturing and Services to offer the range of GEM light electric vehicles in France. The vehicles will be available in two-passenger, four-passenger and utility versions. (GCC.)
The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) has issued a $6-million solicitation for applied research and development projects on hydrogen storage technologies for on-board vehicular applications. (GCC.)
Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) are developing a compact microchannel distillation unit to create a light fraction of JP-8. The JP-8 light fraction is then reacted in a catalytic process called hydrodesulfurization (HDS) to remove the sulfur from the fuelwhich can contain as much as 3,000 ppm sulfurprior to reforming it for use in fuel cells. (GCC.)
Ebco Industries, under contract to REGI US, is implementing the same set of modifications done on the 42hp Rand Cam sliding-vane rotary engine on the diesel, 125hp version of the Rand Cam. (GCC.)
A synthetic jet fuel comparable to Jet A or military JP 8, but derived from at least 50% bituminous coal, has successfully powered a helicopter jet engine, according to a Penn State fuel scientist. The JP 900 is produced by hydrotreating a mixture of light cycle oila petroleum byproductand coal-derived refined chemical oila distillate derived from the refining of coal tar (a by-product of the metallurgical coke industry). The jet fuel comes off as a distillate. (GCC.)
The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has dropped ExxonMobils application for a 160-acre lease for oil-shale research, development and demonstration. (GCC.)
The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LA Metro) has exercised its first option to acquire 96 additional Cummins Westport 320-hp L Gas Plus-powered, compressed natural gas (CNG) fueled Metro Liners. (GCC.)
Russian Buses, of Moscow, Russia, has ordered 278 Cummins Westport C Gas Plus natural gas (CNG) engines for use in its LiAZ-5256 (250hp) and LiAZ-6212 (articulated, 280hp) buses. (GCC.)
Citroën has announced the UK launch of a new C2 Stop & Start model, and is offering a cashback incentive of £1,696 (US$2,963) to buyers of all Citroën Stop & Start models (C2 and C3) sufficient to cover one years London Congestion Charge. (GCC.)
DaimlerChrysler has decided the fate of the smart carit will focus on the two-door smart fortwo car, and cancel the planned production of the four-door smart forfour. Additionally, DaimlerChrysler will integrate smart into the Mercedes organization. (GCC.)
Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) have worked with scientists from The Queens University of Belfast to explore the process of carbon monoxide (CO) oxidation in an effort to further reduce tailpipe emissions. (GCC.)
Researchers at Brookhaven National Laboratory have created and are investigating the properties of nanotubes made of cerium oxide. These cerium oxide nanotubes have potential applications as catalysts in vehicle emission-control systems and fuel cells. (GCC.)
DEAR GOOD FRIEND.
Iam contacting you today for a profitable business prosposal. My
name is PAUL RISY Iam the personal assistant to late Mr.muhammad
El-Sahedi. EL-Sahedi was an oil merchant from Iran but resident in Nigeria. He
carried on his oil and petroleum transactions from Nigeria but exported
to oversaes. EL-Sahedi died recently in Iran as a result of the
earthquake that hit that country.He died along with his whole Family.
Apart from being his personal assistant Iwas also his best Friend
and confident.I was therefore in a position to know all his Financial
transactions as he trusted me . Mr.Sahedi had a deposit of usd$40.5
million with a famous security and finance company here which i want you to
help me receive and transfer into your bank account . Till i come over
to join you for sharing and investment as you may direct me.
IF you agree to assist me ,I WILL GIVE YOU all the details of the
transaction and the process of receiving the funds because you will
act as the next of kin to MR.SAHEDI.for assisting me in this business
you will take 20% of THE USD$40.5 MILLION.as your share and I will take
70% as my share while the remaining 10% will take care of the expenses
we may insure at the process of the transaction.
You will keep my share for me till I join you in your country a
few weeks after the transfer is made.
I want you to understand that I am not a dishonest Man. I am only
doing this because if the security company discovers that Mr. Sahedi
and all his relations are dead ,they will turn over the money to
government and this will not help me. please note that there is no risk in
this business as no relation of Mr. Sahedi is alive today and the
security firm does not know he is dead. When you transfer the money the
security firm will assume it is Mr. Sahedis next of kin who is doing the
transer because I will provide you with his letters of administration to
empower you as his next of kin.
It was when I lEARNT OF his death that I went to his room to search for
the paper work [Documents] relating to the said deposit. I Found them
in concealed [secret] drawer in his bedroom.
please reply this message soonest .my alternative email address as follows,firstname.lastname@example.org.