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The Week in Sustainable Mobility (10/29/06)
Mike Millikin, 29 Oct 06

All Member States must seriously tackle greenhouse gas emissions immediately, if the EU-15 is to meet its collective Kyoto target, according to a new report from the European Environment Agency (EEA).

The report, Greenhouse gas emission trends and projections in Europe 2006, presents an evaluation of historic data between 1990 and 2004. It also evaluates projections of European countries’ progress towards their 2010 greenhouse gas emissions targets. Although between 1990 and 2004, EU-15 greenhouse gas emissions decreased from most sectors, emissions from the transport sector increased by nearly 26%—the largest increase in greenhouse gas emissions—and are projected to increase to 35% above 1990 levels by 2010, if countries use only existing policies. (More...)

Three-quarters of the 20 major car brands sold in Europe last year have failed to improve fuel efficiency at the rate needed to meet a key EU greenhouse gas emissions target, according to a new study commissioned by the organization Transport & Environment (T&E). (More...)

Richmond upon Thames Council in southwest London has drawn up proposals to charge more for residents’ parking permits for those with cars that produce higher CO2 emissions and less for the least polluting cars. Under the proposals, which go before the council’s cabinet on 6 November, those with the lowest emitting vehicles will pay nothing while others will qualify for reductions of up to 50%. There will be a sliding scale for higher emission vehicles with the highest being charged up to three times (£300, US$563) what they currently pay for their annual parking permits. (More...)

HYBRIDS and PLUG-IN HYBRIDS

IC Corporation, North America’s largest combined school bus and commercial bus manufacturer, is launching a new line of diesel-electric hybrid commercial buses. IC Corporation launched its new line of conventional commercial buses this summer, and also introduced a hybrid-electric school bus in partnership with Enova Systems. (More...)

DOE’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) recently issued a solicitation for the development of power electronics and electric motors for use in plug-in hybrid (PHEV), hybrid (HEV) or fuel-cell (FCV) vehicles. DOE estimates that $16 million will be available over three or four years to support two to six awards selected in four areas of interest. (More...)


BATTERIES AND ELECTRIC

Enova Systems is evaluating Valence Saphion lithium-ion batteries as an energy storage system in its new line of hybrid school buses, developed with IC Corporation. (More...)

Rinehart Motion Systems LLC (RMS) unveiled a new 100kW-class traction motor controller for Electric (EV), Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) and Plug-in Hybrid vehicles (PHEV) at the 22nd Electric Vehicle Symposium (EVS-22) in Yokohama, Japan. (More...)

Vectrix has announced that it will launch its high-powered electric Maxi-Scooter (earlier post) during the 64th International Motorcycle Exhibition in Milan in November. The Maxi-Scooter combines a 3.7 kWh Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) battery pack and a 20 kW electric motor that delivers 65 Nm (48 lb-ft) torque. The battery pack is designed for up to 1,700 full charging cycles. Recharge time is about two hours. (More...)

BIOFUELS

Dyadic International, a biotechnology company, has signed a three-year research and development (R&D) agreement and a $10-million stock purchase agreement with Abengoa Bioenergy R&D (ABRD). Dyadic will use the proceeds from this private sale to fund its R&D obligations under the R&D agreement, which has as its objective the development of a cost-effective enzyme production system for commercial application in Abengoa Bioenergy’s cellulosic ethanol production process. (More...)

Broin and Novozymes announced a new collaboration to take the next steps needed to bring cost-effective ethanol derived from corn stover (cellulosic ethanol) to market. The collaboration is an extension of earlier significant partnerships between the two companies. (More...)

A scientist at North Carolina State University has received a $700,000 grant funded jointly by the US Departments of Energy (DOE) and Agriculture (USDA) to develop optimized versions of the eastern cottonwood tree (poplar) that can more easily be converted into ethanol. The poplar is the only tree with a sequenced genome. (More...)

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has launched the SmartWay Grow & Go program, an expansion of the SmartWay Transport Partnership that encourages companies to make commitments toward improving the environment through the use of renewable fuels. The goal of the SmartWay Grow & Go program is to have 25% of EPA’s SmartWay Transport partners using renewable fuels by 2012, and 50% by 2020. There are currently 481 SmartWay Transport partners including major truck and rail carriers as well as shipping and logistics companies. (More...)

Toyota and Nippon Oil will work with Petronas, the Malaysian oil company, to develop palm-oil biodiesel for import to Japan or for sale to other overseas markets. The companies reportedly will start collaborative research next year and intend to begin test production in Malaysia in 2009. (More...)

MIT scientists and engineers earlier this year founded a company—Ethanol Boosting Systems, LLC (EBS)—to commercialize their work on direct-injection ethanol boosting combined with aggressive turbocharging in a gasoline engine. The result is a gasoline engine with the fuel efficiency of current hybrids or turbodiesels—up to 30% better than a conventional gasoline engine—but at lower cost. (More...)


HYDROGEN

The Department of Energy (DOE) will award $100 million to fund 25 hydrogen research and development projects. DOE will negotiate these 25 cost-shared projects for an approximate total of $127 million ($100 million DOE cost; $27 million applicant cost) over four years (Fiscal Years 2007 – 2010). (More...)

GE Global Research is in a $13-million research partnership with Ballard Power Systems, A123 Systems and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) to develop a lightweight, battery-dominant zero-emissions hybrid fuel-cell bus. The FTA, through the Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium, is contributing almost $7 million toward the project. (More...)

A research group at the Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology reports that it has developed a new fuel-cell electrode catalyst that uses molybdenum and nickel as its chief materials rather than platinum. The team found that with the new catalyst used in the anode, the power generation of a fuel cell was about 10% that of a conventional cell using platinum catalysts. However, the team notes that fuel cell manufacturing costs with the new catalyst could be reduced to 0.1% that of the current level. (More...)

NATURAL GAS

Cummins Westport Inc (CWI), a leading provider of high-performance alternative fuel engines for the global market, announced its first commercial order for the new ISL G natural gas engine. Sacramento (California) Regional Transit has ordered 91 ISL G engines to be installed in 40’ Low-Floor Buses in 2007. The 8.9-liter ISL G will surpass EPA and CARB 2007 phase-in levels and meet 2010 emission standards of 0.2 g/bhp-hr NOx and 0.01 g/bhp-hr PM at launch in 2007. Based on the Cummins ISL, the ISL G leverages Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) and stoichiometric combustion to allow the use of a maintenance-free passive three-way catalyst such as those used in passenger cars since the 1970s. (More...)

, according to The International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles estimates that as many as one million natural gas-powered cars, trucks and buses could be plying Middle Eastern roads by the end of this decade. (More...)

DIESEL

Robert Bosch GmbH (Stuttgart/Germany), and Denso Corporation, (Kariya/Japan) have agreed to establish a fifty-fifty joint venture in eastern Europe to develop and to manufacture diesel particulate filters. The joint venture is planned for early 2007. As a result of the coming Euro 5 emission standard for cars, Bosch and Denso expect that particulate filters will become standard equipment for all new diesel-powered cars in Europe. (More...)

Eaton Corporation has acquired the diesel fuel processing technology and associated business assets of Catalytica Energy Systems Inc. for US$2.4 million. Catalytica’s Xonon diesel fuel processing (XFP) technology converts a portion of diesel fuel to reactive reductants that regenerate and desulfate a NOx trap at low temperatures, resulting in higher NOx conversion and less of a fuel-economy penalty on the system. (More...)

Chongqing Lifan Industry Group Co. Ltd (Lifan) of China has signed a Heads of Agreement with Ricardo plc to develop a new family of car engines and transmissions. The initial focus for the collaboration is the design and development of a completely new family of car engines of 0.8-2.4 liters displacement, new transmissions featuring technologies such as automated manual transmissions (AMT) and dual-clutch transmissions (DCT), and support in implementing the manufacturing of these products. The first contract under the terms of this Heads of Agreement is expected to be placed imminently. (More...)

Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) will evaluate seven new engines for the Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Benchmarking program, focusing particularly on the engine performance and fuel consumption associated with new exhaust emissions control technology. Manufacturers developed this new control technology, which uses the ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel now available nationwide, to meet 2007 US Environmental Protection Agency emissions regulations. (More...)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has launched a nationwide test of heavy-duty trucks that will include special monitoring equipment on six instrumented tractors and nine instrumented trailers. Data acquisition systems will be on board to measure each vehicle’s performance, including vehicle and engine speed, engine torque and fuel consumption. Performance data will also take into consideration such physical factors as wind speed, direction, road grade, precipitation and other conditions that vary during long-haul truck runs.(More...)

SYNTHETICS

ForeverGreen Enterprises, a startup company developing a plasma-based waste gasification system designed to produce hydrogen, wants to add the production of Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) diesel fuel to a $100-million plant it is planning to build in Indiana. ForeverGreen’s Progressive Molecular Dissociation process uses the plasma to produce a syngas consisting of a mixture of hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, plus small amounts of methane. For hydrogen production, the syngas is cleaned, reformed and then put through the water-gas shift process to convert carbon monoxide to hydrogen. For F-T diesel production, ForeverGreen would send syngas through an F-T reactor and process. (More...)

In a report released by the Pembina Institute, a detailed cost analysis demonstrates that the oil sands industry could achieve carbon-neutral (no net greenhouse gas emissions) production of synthetic crude oil (SCO) for as little as US$1.76 per barrel or as much as US$13.65 per barrel depending upon the operating scenario and the approach taken. (More...)

OTHER

Parker Hannifin Corporation has joined the Get Nitrogen Institute, a non-profit organization formed in 2005 to promote the use of nitrogen rather than air in filling tires. (Costco, the first retailer to offer nitrogen in its tire centers throughout North America, is a sponsor of the Institute.) The use of nitrogen in tires offers two main benefits: the maintenance of a consistent inflation pressure over longer periods of time and longer tire life. Those lead to improvements in fuel efficiency of up to 4% compared to vehicles running on underinflated or degraded tires. (More...)

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Comments

Tesla Motors is apparently in complete ignorance of the new Altair NanoSafe li ion batteries that just this week demonstrated a cyclic ability that approaches infinity - 15,000 full charges/recharges, which is once a day for over 40 years. These batteries are the ONLY batteries in existence that overcome the characteristics that have in the past doomed the attempts to build a viable electric car : long lifespan batteries, and quick recharging capabilities - the Altair batteries can be fully recharged in 8 to 12 minutes - this makes public charging stations a means for an infinite driving range. The batteries also flow current 4 times faster than current Li ion batteries and are completely safe and
immune to high temps and are environmentally benign. They will appear in an electric pickup and suv next year from Phoenix Motorcars in California. I would not even consider buying a Tesla or any other electric that didn't have batteries as good as the Altair batteries.
If Tesla delivers their car with its now obsolete
(and inappropriate) laptop li ion battery pack (cost $20,000) it will be the first time a car has achieved obsolescence before it was even delivered. Don't those people at Tesla keep up with battery technology?


Posted by: kent beuchert on 29 Oct 06

Dear Sir/Mam

We introduce ourselves as a leading exporter of automobile spare parts & accessories. Our products are regularly being exported to Australia, Mauritius, Indonesia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Europe etc. , which are being used as replacement parts.

We specialize in spare parts for TRUCKS(MERCEDES,VOLVO,SCANIA,DAF,MAN), LANDROVER SR-II , SR-III,TRACTOR(MASSEY FERGUSON,DEUTZ,FORD,FIAT,INTERNATIONAL, ROMANIA) & SCOOTERS(LAMBRETTA GP, LML VESPA).We can also manufacture parts as per samples provided by our buyers for which we have with us all infrastructural facilities .

We will be highly thankful if you kindly let us have your enquiry / requirement of such parts which you have in view to import , enabling us to study same and offer our services .

Thanking & looking forward to early reply .

Yours Faithfully
For Adhunik Sales

Anil Sawhney

Adhunik Sales

Email : info@adhuniksales.com


Posted by: ANIL SAWHNEY on 29 Oct 06

"If Tesla delivers their car with its now obsolete
(and inappropriate) laptop li ion battery pack (cost $20,000) it will be the first time a car has achieved obsolescence before it was even delivered. Don't those people at Tesla keep up with battery technology?"

Huh? The first years model will be a somewhat limited run. It would be logical to assume that they will investigate better battery technology that is on the market RIGHT NOW. When it comes to market and it delivers what it promises, then they will look into it. There was also another breakthrough in Silver Zinc batteries.

http://www.gizmag.com/go/6261/

No volatile metals involved and uses materials that are easily recycled.


Posted by: Chris on 30 Oct 06

I am wondering what you think of Skytran http://www.skytran.net/
it is based on tech that is not 100% availible. But I am a big fan of going for things that would make a huge differance in our lives with full gusto. Maybe someone with big money will get in on this. I realy do think these things would be great.


Posted by: J.Grim on 1 Nov 06



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