Jaime Lerner, the three-time former mayor of Curitiba, Brazil, a city best known for its innovative approaches to urban planning, is calling for what he terms â€śurban acupunctureâ€? to bring revitalization and sustainability to the worldâ€™s metropolitan areas. Speaking at the Worldwatch Instituteâ€™s State of the World 2007 briefing in Washington, D.C. on Wednesday, Lerner said that tackling urban problems at appropriate â€śpressure pointsâ€? can cause positive ripple effects throughout entire communities.
Lerner noted that even the poorest cities can boost their standards of living by using techniques like bus rapid transit (BRT), designing multiuse buildings, and encouraging residents to live closer to their workplaces. Although many cities spend decades building underground rail systems or other costly long-term projects, â€śEvery city can improve its quality of life in 3 to 4 years,â€? Lerner asserted.
Lerner is best known for his efforts to introduce BRT to the world, after launching the first successful rapid bus system in Curitiba in the 1970s. He now heads his own architecture and urban planning firm. â€śWe have to use everything we haveâ€? to make transportation, a significant emitter of greenhouse gases, more pleasant and sustainable, he told participants at Wednesdayâ€™s briefing. The key to future mobility, Lerner believes, is not necessarily to get rid of cars, but to ensure that the many forms of transport currently availableâ€”bus, rail, cars, walking, and bikingâ€”are not competing for the same space.
Lerner says it is vital that communities seek to adopt urban designs that do not separate the places residents live from where they work, play, and shop. Instead, all these elements should be present in the same area, so people are not as dependent on cars to live their daily lives. Lerner also encourages greater efforts to turn chronic urban problems into innovative solutions. Curitiba, for example, converted an old landfill into the Open University for the Environment, a school that provides environmental education to citizens and policymakers at little-to-no cost. â€śIn the city, there is no frog that canâ€™t be turned into a prince,â€? Lerner says.
Alana Herro writes for Eye on Earth (eÂ˛), a service of World Watch Magazine in partnership with the blue moon fund. eÂ˛ provides a unique perspective on current events, newly released studies, and important global trends.
Those 'pressure-points' might be, in part, the city's approach to an integrated planning combining transporation, recycling, affordable housing, and parks.
"Urban Solutions from Curitiba, Brazil" (2006) a documentary by Giovanni Vaz Del Bello clearly presents the city's planning and vitality. The film includes interviews of all the key players from the city, including Lerner.
More info on the documentary: http://www.mariavazphoto.com/curitiba_pages/curitiba_dvd.html
info on each topic discussed in the documentary: http://www.mariavazphoto.com/curitiba.html