Many people advocating a bright green future also strongly support local food systems. But learning what's local and eating accordingly in the 21st century will be a lesson in perennial change, because as the climate changes, agricultural zones shift, and that means what's local now may not be the same stuff that will grow well in your region in ten or twenty years. What's more, in some regions of the world where subsistence agriculture provides a living for large numbers of people, fair, sensitive and smart help adjusting to new realities will need to be provided.
We recently were asked to imagine how new models and designs might help us address critical food-related sustainability issues. We chose to tackle this thorny problem of farming and gardening in a changing climate. Here it is, a speculative anticipation of what a model for tracking and trading local knowledge about farming and food in an open, global network might look like. We call it seedPOD. Think of it as a gedankenexperiment, an imagined toolkit to keep seeds moving, farmers thriving and communities fed in the face of massive environmental change. Perhaps it will trigger some interesting thinking out there: at very least, we hope you find it briefly diverting.
SeedPOD includes programs both online and on-site which allow farmers to share their own observations of their land and crops, to advise one another on cultivation strategies for introducing a "new native" species, to save seeds and preserve biodiversity, and to establish a community of peer teachers who can guide each other through the adaptation process.
Changes in agricultural zones will likely occur faster and more widely in coming years. Before scientists can publish peer-reviewed research or governments can announce official responses, farmers will be developing appropriate solutions on the spot, by necessity. It only makes sense to network those farmers to better distribute their solutions and make them widely accessible.
Fortunately, the rate of Net access distribution around the world may be rising almost as fast as the rate of change in agricultural conditions. By connecting large numbers of participants in both the Global North and Global South, SeedPOD becomes the virtual laboratory in which mass collaboration can yield quick conclusions.
Collaborative Online Agricultural Resource
In tandem with the online exchange, seedPOD will host an open archive of resources which can be augmented and developed through the discoveries made by citizens and farmers. We call it Wikiseedia -- a collaborative, free online agricultural encyclopedia.
Wikiseedia will be presented and continuously translated into a multitude of languages, and SeedPOD will also work to install community internet hubs and wireless versions where access is scarce or nonexistent, so that rural farmers in the developing world can take advantage of these tools, too. Trained scientists will be able to check in on Wikiseedia and the online citizen science lab to gain the most current agricultural information available for inclusion in longer-term research, and to participate in the collaborative editing process, as well.
Think of it as something akin to the Open Architecture Network, for agriculture, bringing together great existing efforts (like the Honey Bee Network) and best practices (like greenbelt efforts in the Sahel) with a platform for sharing undiscovered or newly invented innovations.
Indeed, in an ideal world, such efforts in all disciplines, from architecture to farming to public health to ICT4D, would have such collaborative repositories of knowledge, and all of the efforts would be interoperable and easily dovetailed, so that a person working in a specific context could easily learn how to find and use detailed knowledge from a number of disciplines and projects.
Seed Collection and Savings Banks
Probably the least hypothetical component of the seedPOD toolkit, seed banks already exist all over the world as preventative measures against the loss of barnyard biodiversity. The model collided with future scenarios with the announcement of plans to build a huge doomsday seed vault near the Arctic Circle which would be more secure and stable than existing banks -- able to withstand the more catastrophic possible outcomes of climate change (or war or asteroid impact).
SeedPOD seed banks will be a network of living facilities (rather than sealed vaults) where seeds can be deposited as they become threatened, or taken and planted where they couldn't previously have grown. Though seedPOD is primarily citizen driven, this will be one place where staff will be employed to catalog and archive records of the flow of seeds through the bank, and the locations from which they originate and to which they go. By supporting the existing, highly-stressed seed bank organizations around the world, creating such a network also meets the purpose of preserving existing seed collections.
Protection of Indigenous Rights
With any attempt to gather local knowledge of food crops, issues of biopiracy almost immediately rear their heads. How do we ensure that the communities that have developed crops for millennia retain commercial control over these heritage plants and animals? One method is through the establishment of prior art claims: documentation that sequences the genome of crop species, asserts the existence of the community's right to the crops it has developed, and helps prevent the patenting of those crops genetic material by others.
Traditional Knowledge Sharing
Of course, this new process is not just about obtaining, planting and cultivating seeds; it's also about harvesting and making use of their yield. Beyond sharing farming practices, seedPOD's online network will be a platform for exchanging traditional methods of harvest, preservation, cooking, and eating newly local food.
Food is culture: new foods will require cultural innovation and cross-polinization. Such efforts could be furthered as well by good approaches to intellectual property, using Creative Commons licenses and related tools to create a global food culture commons. Indeed, in some places, gathering that knowledge to share with others could help make that knowledge more widely available, more useful and more likely to be preserved at home.
Global Community Supported Agriculture
Supporting farmers locally through community supported agriculture programs (CSAs) is a great idea; increasingly, it may even be possible for us to imagine using similar tools for supporting farmers in far-off lands. As farmers learn to grow new crops, direct farm-to-table support will be more necessary than ever. SeedPOD envisions a widespread network of interlacing relationships, connecting directly consumers in one climate with farmers not only in their area, but in places with different climates who grow crops they've come to love.
All Images are Flickr/Creative Commons. Links to come.
Are you suggesting little experiments being conducting on tiny plots all over the planet? People more frequently gathering together to share seeds and cuttings which bring them joy, whether it be food and/or flowers. Maybe even a story or song to go along with the DNA? Coincidental with this exchange are "progressive", yet ancient, theories and practices of nutrient cycling and watershed enhancement. These techniques that you folks continue to share will prove to be very useful in aiding humanity to adapt during these unpredictable climate and commerce patterns. Thank you again!
In general this seems like a good idea, but it troubles me that it's coupled with what I read as a radical proposal to restrict the rights of the public to grow plants and animals without the consent of those who have traditionally done so, by establishing "that the communities that have developed crops for millennia retain commercial control over these heritage plants and animals." This kind of radical intellectual-enclosurist approach is one of the most serious threats to our food security and freedom of speech in the coming decades, although usually it's promoted by big corporations rather than indigenous activists.
Our food security and our freedom of expression depend on a healthy public domain, threatened neither by patents on traditional food varieties nor by other restrictive rights that grant those varieties' traditional cultivators even more powers than those granted by patents.
My guess is the article meant to say that local communities should retain commercial control only in the sense that their right to grow their own traditional seeds isn't interfered with by patent claims from large corporations. Prior art is a defense against claims that *anyone* owns those seeds, not an assertion of new exclusive rights.
Thank you for your important initiative. I encourage you to think of the human element. We are collecting "food stories" at http://www.myfoodstory.com We are collecting these stories on the ground and also finding many sources online. We are working in the Public Domain "except as noted" and I encourage you likewise to not trap your work in either copyright or copyleft. Please don't! And please, let's look for ways to work together.