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The Week in Sustainable Mobility (5/27/07)
Mike Millikin, 27 May 07
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US carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels decreased by 1.3% in 2006, from 5,955 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (MMTCO2) in 2005 to 5,877 MMTCO2 in 2006, according to preliminary estimates released by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). Transportation-related carbon dioxide emissions, which account for about one third of total carbon dioxide emissions, decreased slightly (by 0.1%) in 2006. Increases in CO2 emissions from gasoline (+0.1 %) and diesel fuel (+1.8 %) were offset by declines in other petroleum fuels. Between 1990 and 2006, transportation-related CO2 emissions grew 25.4% (1.4 % per year). More...

World marketed energy consumption is projected to grow by 57% between 2004 and 2030 to 702 quadrillion Btu, according to the reference case projection from the International Energy Outlook 2007 (IEO2007) released by the US Energy Information Administration (EIA). This is a 2.8% decrease from last year’s IEO2006 report. In the IEO2007 reference case, which does not include specific policies to limit greenhouse gas emissions, energy-related carbon dioxide emissions are projected to rise from 26.9 billion metric tons in 2004 to 33.9 billion metric tons in 2015 and 42.9 billion metric tons in 2030. More...

An open-access paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows that worldwide CO2 emissions increased between 2000 and 2004 at a rate that is nearly three times the rate of increase of the 1990s. The rate increased from 1.1% per year during the 1990s to 3.1% per year in the early 2000s. More...

Scientists have observed the first evidence that the Southern Ocean’s ability to absorb carbon dioxide has weakened by about 15% per decade since 1981. More...

In a piece the Washington Post, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and Connecticut Governor Jodi Rell said that the action of the federal government “borders on malfeasance” for trying to block the efforts of states to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from new vehicles. More...

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe today called for a global reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of 50% from current levels by 2050. More...

A group of Norwegian lawmakers are drafting a proposal that would eventually lead to a ban on the sale of gasoline-only fueled cars by 2015 or 2020. More...

The US Department of Energy (DOE) has selected five next-generation vehicle research projects which will receive up to $19 million in DOE funding to further the development of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), and fuel cell vehicles (FCVs). More...

The California Air Resources Board announced the names of forty projects that have won $25 million in grant money to encourage the early adoption of alternative fuels—including biofuels, biogas, hydrogen and electricity—in California. More...

HYBRIDS and PLUG-IN HYBRIDS

Cobasys is supplying the NiMH battery systems to Enova for integration into 13 GMC 2500 service vans being retrofitted with hybrid drives for Verizon. More...

UPS is adding 50 hybrid electric delivery vehicles to its fleet. The new hybrids feature two different sized vehicles from Workhorse Custom Chassis and Freightliner, LLC and a medium-duty hybrid power system from Eaton Corporation. More...

DaimlerChrysler is developing a series-hybrid version of its Citaro bus, which the company has also used as a platform for its fuel cell bus work. More...

The US Army has awarded Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide, Inc. a $4.88-million contract to develop a diesel hybrid electric version of its Alternative Mobility Vehicle (AMV) “Aggressor.” More...

New York’s taxi fleet will go all-hybrid by 2012, according to Mayor Michael Bloomberg. More...

GE introduced a hybrid road locomotive at Union Station in Los Angeles to demonstrate the progress that GE’s Transportation business is making in developing a freight hybrid locomotive that is capable of recycling thermal energy as stored power in on-board batteries. More...

Solera, Veridian and Hymotion recently completed the second phase of the conversion of a Prius to a solar-augmented, V2G plug-in hybrid with the addition of the solar panel sunroof. More...

Toronto, Ontario Mayor David Miller launched the Toronto Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle Pilot Project. More...

Lithium Technology Corporation (LTC) has retrofit a Toyota Prius to a plug-in hybrid using a battery pack based on LTC’s new product line of large-format lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) cells, the largest cells of their kind in the world. More...

DENSO Corporation has developed a new high-output power control unit (PCU) and battery cooling system for hybrid vehicles. The products are installed on the Lexus LS 600h and the Lexus LS 600hL. More...

Valeo’s StARS + X System, which combines stop-start functionality with regenerative braking, is in service on a Parisian microbus. More...

BMW will begin applying its start-stop and regenerative braking systems&madsh;now used in 1- and 5-Series BMW models—to MINI hatch models later this year, with resulting improved performance and efficiency. The MINI Cooper D—already the most fuel efficient of the line—will offer fuel consumption of 3.9 liters/100km (60 mpg US) and CO2 emissions of 104 g/km. More...

ELECTRIC VEHICLES

Tesla Energy Group, a newly-formed division of Tesla Motors, announced an agreement to supply Think Global with lithium-ion battery packs for their line of “TH!NK city” electric cars. More...

Advanced Battery Technologies has delivered the first 200 of 3,000 polymer lithium-ion battery cell packs to Beijing Guoqiang Global Technology Development Co. for use in electric garbage trucks specially designed for the 2008 Olympics Games. More...

Indus-Electrans, maker of the electric two-wheeler Yobyke, has recently developed prototypes of electric three- and four-wheelers and hybrid-electric low-floor buses. More...

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) held a public meeting to consider possible changes to the state’s Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Program that could provide more support for battery-electric vehicles and plug-on hybrids. More...

ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS

The new separator film for lithium-ion batteries being introduced by Tonen Chemical, an affiliate of ExxonMobil Chemical, features significant improvements in porosity and thermal properties compared to its predecessors. More...

BIOFUELS

A new report from the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University projects that ethanol demand will cause a long-term increase in crop prices. More...

Imperium Renewables, Inc., currently the West Coast’s largest biodiesel producer, has filed its S-1 with the US Securities and Exchange Commission prior to its proposed initial public offering of up to $345 million of its common stock. More...

Formula One racing may downsize its engines and run on biofuel. More...

Toyota introduced its first E100 flex-fuel cars in Brazil: the Corolla Flex and Corolla Fielder Flex. More...

The alternative fuels division of state-owned Philippine National Oil Company (PNOC) has signed a US$1.3 billion (€966 million) deal with UK-based NRG Chemical Engineering Pte. to establish a joint venture to build a biodiesel refinery, a jatropha plantation, and two ethanol plants. More...

The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan has set up a study team to spur commercialization of genetically-modified crops for biofuel instead of food, which has been largely shunned by the Japanese public. More...

HYDROGEN

Shell Hydrogen, LLC and Virent Energy Systems announced a five-year joint development agreement to develop further and commercialize Virent's BioForming technology platform for hydrogen production from biomass. More...

Researchers at Virginia Tech, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and the University of Georgia have developed a novel method using multiple enzymes as a catalyst for the direct, low-cost production of hydrogen from biomass. More...

UK scientists have developed a new variety of lithium hydride that shows promise as an on-board storage medium for hydrogen that could support a vehicle range of more than 300 miles. More...

Ford Motor Company and the State of Florida today announced that they are putting a fleet of hydrogen-fueled Ford E-450 buses on the road in Orlando, the first US city to take delivery of these vehicles. More...

GE and BP have formed a global alliance to jointly develop and deploy technology for at least five hydrogen power plants. The announcement builds from the preliminary agreement reached by GE and BP in 2006. More...

A slight majority of Members of European Parliament (MEPs) have signed a declaration to establish a Europe-wide hydrogen-based energy economy. More...

DIESEL

Ford has added a new line to its wind-powered Dagenham Diesel Centre in the UK—the company’s global center for diesel engineering and manufacturing—to produce the new 1.4- and 1.6-liter Duratorq TDCi turbodiesels developed with PSA. More...

Although hybrid gasoline technology currently appears to be the preferred route to increased fuel efficiency in the US, new investment research published by UBS and Ricardo predicts that sales of diesels will outpace those of hybrids by 2012. More...

Clean Diesel Technologies, Inc. (CDTI) has licensed its patents for technologies for control of NOx emissions by selective catalytic reduction (SCR) to Robert Bosch GmbH on a worldwide, non-exclusive basis. More...

SYNTHETIC FUELS

The US DOE Office of Fossil Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has issued a report that examines the feasibility of a commercial 50,000 barrel per day coal-to-liquids (CTL) facility in the Illinois coal basin. More...

The Globe and Mail reported that Royal Dutch Shell is considering nuclear power to support an experimental technology to extract bitumen trapped in hard-rock limestone, rather than in conventional oil sands. More...

Three companies exploring development of a North Dakota coal-to-liquids (CTL) co-generation project have established a single company, American Lignite Energy, to evaluate the project. Partners in American Lignite Energy include Headwaters Energy Services, Great River Energy, and The North American Coal Corporation. More...

The Oryx GTL (gas-to-liquids) plant in Qatar (earlier post) is currently operating at levels lower than planned, according to a 3-month update released by Sasol. More...

OTHER

Mack Trucks has introduced a battery-operated anti-idling system to replace engine idling as a power source for heating and cooling and amenity loads for stationary trucks. More...

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Comments

What!? no mention of the most innovative engine design of this century? get your head out of the sand:

http://www.theaircar.com/

The world needs this now, en masse.


Posted by: zak on 27 May 07

Also, no mention of making our cities better for biking and walking! Just an endless list of gadgets.


Posted by: SurviveLA on 28 May 07

What!? no mention of the most innovative engine design of this century? get your head out of the sand:

I have a perpetual motion device I'd like to sell you.


Posted by: B on 29 May 07



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