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The Week in Sustainable Mobility (6/3/07)
Mike Millikin, 3 Jun 07
Article Photo

An additional 10 years of continued business-as-usual rapid growth of CO2 emissions and infrastructure may make avoiding dangerous climate change “impractical, if not impossible”, according to a recently published study in the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. More...

The US rejected the European Union’s two-degree target for climate change, whereby global temperatures would not be allowed to increase more than 2° C this century. Instead, President Bush proposed convening a series of meetings of the US and the other nations that produce the most greenhouse gases—including India and China—to develop by the end of 2008 a long-term “aspirational” global goal for greenhouse gas reduction. More...

Sweden is targeting at least a 30% cut in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020, beating the European Union goal of a 20% reduction, according to Environment Minister Andreas Carlgren.

More...

California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger signed Memoranda of Understanding with British Columbia (more...)and Ontario (more...) on tackling climate change. Both provinces will implement California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard.

Minnesota Governor Tim Pawlenty signed The Next Generation Energy Act (SF538) into law on 25 May, thereby setting the goal of cutting the state’s energy consumption by 25% by 2025. The law also sets the state’s greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction goals at 15% by 2015, 30% by 2025, and 80% by 2050. More...


The EPA held its second and final public hearing on California’s request for a federal waiver that would allow the state to proceed with implementing its law restricting emissions of greenhouse gases from light-duty vehicles starting in 2009.

More...

The environmental organization Friends of the Earth Canada is suing the Government of Canada for abandoning its international commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. Filed in Federal Court in Ottawa by environmental law organization Sierra Legal, the lawsuit alleges that the federal government is violating Canadian law by failing to meet its binding international commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. More...

India’s Secretary of the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Prodipto Ghosh, said that the country’s existing energy policy would cut its greenhouse gas emissions by more than 25% by 2020, but also warned that pressure to set mandatory targets to curb global warming would hurt economic growth. More...

China plans to boost its nuclear power generation capability by between 15 and 20 times its current level by the end of 2030, according to a speech made by a Chinese official close to the plan. If the plan is realized, China would become the world’s largest generator of nuclear power, surpassing Japan, France and the United States. More...

Members of the auto industry began rolling out a comprehensive campaign to convince Americans to oppose proposed increases in the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards, and to pressure their elected officials to vote down such proposals. More...

The number of automobiles in Beijing will reach 3 million by June, according to Mayor Wang Qishan. The number of newly registered automobiles in Beijing is growing by 1,000 a day. More...

Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) plans to spend ¥209 billion (US$1.72 billion) over five years, beginning in the current fiscal year, to support the development of next-generation powertrains and fuels to cut petroleum consumption and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. More...

HYBRIDS and PLUG-IN HYBRIDS

Toyota posted record sales of hybrids in the US in May 2007, with 36,101 units sold, up 110% on an unadjusted basis (total units sold, not adjusted to a day sales rate) from May 2006. Of that, the Prius accounted for 24,009 units&mash;the model’s highest monthly sales yet and almost triple the figure from May 2006. More...

London-based Chauffeur-First is switching its executive luxury fleet to Lexus hybrids. The company currently has 18 GS 450h sedans, and has ordered two LS 600h units and another five 450h units.

More...

Public Service Electric and Gas Company (PSE&G) plans to reduce its annual carbon emissions by more than 81,000 tons by replacing 1,300 vehicles with hybrids and making changes in other areas of its corporate fleet. More...

Montebello, CA has authorized the purchase of 150 40-foot gasoline hybrid-electric buses, to be supplied by the team of New Flyer and ISE Corporation. More...

Odyne Corporation announced that DUECO, Inc., has issued a purchase order to Odyne for the installation of Odyne’s plug-in hybrid propulsion technology into an aerial lift truck. More...


GE has unveiled a prototype hybrid road locomotive. The 4,000 hp locomotive uses a set sodium nickel chloride (Na-NiCl2) batteries to capture and store energy dissipated during dynamic braking as well as an on-board fuel optimizer system. More...

Following a fire in a Gen I Green Goat, Railpower Technologies is asking its clients to temporarily cease operating its GG-series (Green Goat) hybrid yard switcher locomotives. More...

The Dubai government announced that it will begin introducing hybrid vehicles into the taxi fleet. More...

ELECTRIC VEHICLES

According to a newspaper report, executives from Renault and Toyota have been speaking to officials from Israel and Jordan in an attempt to launch a joint venture for an electric car factory. More...


As part of a 50-company California delegation in the recent trade mission to Canada, RideVehicles LLC, a zero emission vehicle company, demonstrated the battery-electric RIDE standup 3-wheeler to several Canadian government officials and business leaders. More...

African Cats, the Dutch company that last year introduced a hybrid version of one of its lightweight, 43-foot catamarans (earlier post), is developing a full-electric retractable propulsion and generation system for sailing yachts. More...

ENERGY STORAGE

ISE Corporation, a developer and manufacturer of electric and hybrid-electric drive systems and components for heavy-duty vehicles, and Altair Nanotechnologies (Altairnano) have entered into an agreement to jointly develop and commercially supply lithium-ion rechargeable battery packs for use in hybrid-electric and all-electric heavy-duty vehicles. More...

AeroVironment (AV) announced that it performed a fast charge demonstration of a lithium-ion battery pack for EVs for representatives of the California Air Resources Board (ARB). More...

Developers of advanced lead-acid batteries are targeting micro- and mild-hybrid applications. More...

BIOFUELS

Chevron Corporation and the Texas A&M Agriculture and Engineering BioEnergy Alliance (Texas A&M BioEnergy Alliance) announced today that they have entered into a strategic research agreement to accelerate the production and conversion of crops for manufacturing ethanol and other biofuels from cellulose. More...

Neste Oil officially inaugurated its new €100 million (US$135 million) renewable diesel NExBTL (Next Generation Biomass to Liquid) plant that has been under construction for the last 18 months at its Porvoo refinery in Finland. More...

BioSelect Fuels LLC, a division of Standard Renewable Energy LLC, and Chevron Technology Ventures, a division of Chevron USA, unveiled their biodiesel plant in Galveston, Texas. More...

The Brazilian government is mulling the hike of an obligatory 23% ethanol mix in all gasoline to 25%, according to an Agricultural Ministry official. More...

E-Cane Fuel Corp. (ECF), a bioethanol company based in the US, is building a US$150-million fully-integrated sugarcane ethanol processing facility in the Philippines. More...


Startup algae biofuels company LiveFuels received $10 million in a first round of funding led by David Gelbaum of the Quercus Trust, which donates to conservation advocacy and environmental organizations. More...

HYDROGEN

Southern California Edison (SCE) and Chevron Technology Ventures LLC dedicated a comprehensive hydrogen energy station evaluation and demonstration program at the utility’s Rosemead headquarters. More...

Air Liquide Advanced Technologies US, LLC will supply five, 700-bar, portable fast-fill hydrogen fueling systems to GM in the US. GM will also have an option to acquire two additional systems. More...

A European research project led by Turin Polytechnic University is designing a fuel-cell powered, manned inter-city aircraft. More...

Sandia National Laboratories and Boeing are collaborating on a project to look at the feasibility of using a hydrogen fuel cell to provide backup power in aircraft. More...

NATURAL GAS

Beijing Public Transport Holdings, Ltd. (BPT) has ordered 250 Cummins Westport B Gas Plus engines to power Beijing Jinghua Coach Co. buses. These buses will be in addition to the current fleet of CNG-powered buses to showcase next year’s 2008 Beijing Summer Olympic Games. More than 3,000 Cummins Westport natural gas engines are in operation in China today. More...

India’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy is implementing an “Accelerated Program on Energy Recovery from Urban Wastes” which provides support for setting up of projects for generation of fuel or power from urban wastes, including utilization of bio-methane available at the existing treatment plants based on anaerobic processes.More...


DIESEL

Renault is beginning sales of its revamped New Twingo. A new diesel 1.5 dCi (K9K) engine model will be available from launch and offers fuel consumption is 4.3 l/100km (55 mpg US), with CO2 emissions of just 113g/km. More...

Clean Diesel Technologies has signed a non-exclusive license agreement with Combustion Components Associates (CCA) covering technologies for control of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions. The license gives CCA access to these patents in North America and Europe for vehicular and other applications.

More...

SYNTHETIC FUELS

Peabody Energy has entered into agreements with Rentech, Inc. to fund up to $10 million of engineering and development costs for Rentech’s planned coal-to-liquids project in Illinois and to supply the facility with nearly 1 million tons of coal annually. As part of the agreements, Peabody has an option to acquire a 20% equity interest in the project through increased funding. More...

OTHER

Mazda Motor Corporation has developed a new, naturally aspirated MZR 1.3-liter Miller-cycle gasoline engine, which will power the all-new Demio (Mazda2 in non-Japanese markets) when it goes on sale in Japan in July 2007. In combination with Mazda’s first continuously variable transmission (CVT), the engine enables the new Demio to offer a 10-15 mode fuel economy of 23.0 km/liter (4.3 l/100km or 54 mpg US), an improvement of approximately 20% over the 19.2 km/liter (5.2 l/100km, 45 mpg US) rating of the current 1.3-liter engine model. More...

A study by UK researchers concluded that a Variable Price and Attribute Transport System (VPATS) could, in principle, replace existing bus and taxi services while offering higher productivity, a higher level of service, and a lower level of subsidy. Given that taxis are among the highest emitters of carbon dioxide per passenger-kilometer, higher productivity would mean lower environmental costs. More...

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Comments

Modified Kraft Chemical Recovery technology developed by the Khaitan Brothers in a Rice/Wheat straw pulping and paper making mill holds the best promise today for lowest cost paper, Map Litho with about 90% short fibre blends and ethanol from hemi cellulose and alpha cellulose in separate streams. A business plan is ready. Lab trials have been completed successfully for the conversion of both celluloses into ethanol. MKCR recovers up to 85% of caustic soda used in alkali pulping of high silica content ligno cellulosic wastes like rice, wheat straws and also even bagasse, and also recovers silica as a dry precipitate and lime. Lignin is concentrated and burnt in a Co gen furnace for heat recovery, along with rice husk, which is added. Whole process would be net GHG zero emission emitter and uses biomass wastes only for process energy requirements. Cogeneration also generates electricity for process needs with some surplus.

MKCR Pilot studies, which establish above technology claims, have been completed and evaluated independently by Finnish, American and Chinese paper technology experts. MKCR was also presented in an earlier TAPPI conference at Seattle many years ago.

The first commercial scale project will cost about U.S $ 25 million or Rupee 1 billion, depending upon $ vs Rupee exchange rates.80% of revenue will come from paper manufacture and balance 20% from ethanol derived from hemi cellulose. No subsidies are required or taken into consideration in the pre investment feasibility study, which has been drawn up based on pilot studies and lab scale trial parameters. Carbon credits would be eligible but not considered. Ex Factory price net of any taxes is estimated to be Rupee 40,000 / $ 953 per metric tonne for Map Litho paper suitable for office use as photocopier paper and Rupee 20,000 / $ 477 per kilo litre for ethanol. Production will be 50 metric tonnes per day of Map Litho or copier grade office paper, and 40 kilo litre per day of ethanol. It will use 100 tonnes of rice straw and 50 tonnes of wheat straw and 200 tonnes of rice husk per day as biomass raw materials. These have been costed at current market rates in India.

The promoters are willing to rebuild the pilot plant to demonstrate the efficiency and workings of the MKCR technology, which has established 85% recovery of caustic soda, used in alkali pulping It will feature a boiler, in which the fuel will be pulping black liquor concentrated to about 60-70% solids by using waste heat and then moisture content reduced by adding rice husk. Since heat values can be easily calculated for biomass wastes, and to save costs, it will not feature a steam turbine and an electricity generator. These will however be part of the MKCR technology in the first commercial scale project costing around $ 25 million.

There is enough demand for paper and ethanol within India. Promoter's name: Mr Dinesh Khaitan. Technologist: Mr Mahesh Khaitan:

Contact e-mail ID: dkk@kroftaengineering.com


Posted by: Santhanam R. on 4 Jun 07

Modified Kraft Chemical Recovery technology developed by the Khaitan Brothers in a Rice/Wheat straw pulping and paper making mill holds the best promise today for lowest cost paper, Map Litho with about 90% short fibre blends and ethanol from hemi cellulose and alpha cellulose in separate streams. A business plan is ready. Lab trials have been completed successfully for the conversion of both celluloses into ethanol. MKCR recovers up to 85% of caustic soda used in alkali pulping of high silica content ligno cellulosic wastes like rice, wheat straws and also even bagasse, and also recovers silica as a dry precipitate and lime. Lignin is concentrated and burnt in a Co gen furnace for heat recovery, along with rice husk, which is added. Whole process would be net GHG zero emission emitter and uses biomass wastes only for process energy requirements. Cogeneration also generates electricity for process needs with some surplus.

MKCR Pilot studies, which establish above technology claims, have been completed and evaluated independently by Finnish, American and Chinese paper technology experts. MKCR was also presented in an earlier TAPPI conference at Seattle many years ago.

The first commercial scale project will cost about U.S $ 25 million or Rupee 1 billion, depending upon $ vs Rupee exchange rates.80% of revenue will come from paper manufacture and balance 20% from ethanol derived from hemi cellulose. No subsidies are required or taken into consideration in the pre investment feasibility study, which has been drawn up based on pilot studies and lab scale trial parameters. Carbon credits would be eligible but not considered. Ex Factory price net of any taxes is estimated to be Rupee 40,000 / $ 953 per metric tonne for Map Litho paper suitable for office use as photocopier paper and Rupee 20,000 / $ 477 per kilo litre for ethanol. Production will be 50 metric tonnes per day of Map Litho or copier grade office paper, and 40 kilo litre per day of ethanol. It will use 100 tonnes of rice straw and 50 tonnes of wheat straw and 200 tonnes of rice husk per day as biomass raw materials. These have been costed at current market rates in India.

The promoters are willing to rebuild the pilot plant to demonstrate the efficiency and workings of the MKCR technology, which has established 85% recovery of caustic soda, used in alkali pulping It will feature a boiler, in which the fuel will be pulping black liquor concentrated to about 60-70% solids by using waste heat and then moisture content reduced by adding rice husk. Since heat values can be easily calculated for biomass wastes, and to save costs, it will not feature a steam turbine and an electricity generator. These will however be part of the MKCR technology in the first commercial scale project costing around $ 25 million.

There is enough demand for paper and ethanol within India. Promoter's name: Mr Dinesh Khaitan. Technologist: Mr Mahesh Khaitan:

Contact e-mail ID: dkk@kroftaengineering.com


Posted by: Santhanam R. on 4 Jun 07

Reinventing the wheel or a new partially unexpected internal combustion engine process?

Haven’t society mistakenly bypassed a simple way how to build an efficient engine?

Readers are invited to comment. http://www.tourengine.com
Note:Patent pended protected
(Email: hugo@tourengine.com)


Posted by: ben tour on 4 Jun 07

Could H Fuel cells be used by power companies to store electric power produced at night to be used during the day?


Posted by: Fred Eichhorn on 4 Jun 07

By mistake, my Blog posted twice, since I had clicked the send button twice due to a sluggish net connection. Kindly delete one of the posts. Sorry for the inconvenience! - Santhanam.R.


Posted by: Santhanam R. on 5 Jun 07



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